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CBD Biennial Meeting Closes With Resolutions On Digital Sequence Data, Conflicts Of Interest, Global Benefit-Sharing

The biennial meeting of the Convention on Biological Diversity and its protocol on access and benefit-sharing closed yesterday with a list of adopted decisions. Among them was a decision to commission several studies on the impact of digital sequence data on the CBD for a recommendation at the next meeting in 2020. Delegates also agreed on a study to examine cases of genetic resources, and traditional knowledge associated with genetic resources, not yet covered by the protocol. Also adopted is the first decision on the management and prevention of conflicts of interest in expert groups.

Industry News

Interviews With National Publishing Industry Attendees At WIPO’s Copyright Committee

During this week's World Intellectual Property Organization copyright committee meeting, Intellectual Property Watch had the opportunity to meet observers from the international publishing sector who are following the committee's discussions closely. In Geneva at the invitation of the International Publishers Association (IPA), several publishers shared their thoughts about WIPO's work as well as their experience from their own markets. The interviews below represent a range of perspectives, from three different types of markets worldwide.

Industry News

Economically Sound And Fair Global Genetics Benefit-Sharing System Possible, Panellists Say

SHARM EL-SHEIKH, Egypt -- UN Convention on Biological Diversity members were trying this week to address questions that were left open when its protocol on access and benefit-sharing was adopted eight years ago. One of them is how to deal with genetic resources which are not yet covered by the protocol. A side event to the biennial conference of CBD members this week presented a solution, which they say could provide a more efficient, cost-effective and fairer system of access and benefit-sharing, based on inventions protected by intellectual property rights.

Industry News

Fight Over .Amazon: ACTO Countries Cancel Meeting With ICANN CEO

The fight over delegating the .amazon top-level domain to Amazon LLC is not over. But the effort of the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) to cut a deal between the regional Amazon Cooperation Treaty Organisation (ACTO) and online retailer Amazon has failed, according to ICANN CEO Göran Marby. [updated]

Industry News

UN Biodiversity Convention Agrees On Precautionary Approach To Synthetic Biology

SHARM El-SHEIKH, Egypt -- While the world has been taken by surprise after a Chinese researcher declared he had genetically modified twin babies, and critics are rising from all parts, the Convention on Biological Diversity adopted a decision on synthetic biology today at the close of its biennial meeting. The decision which calls for a precautionary approach was hailed by civil society groups which were calling for a moratorium preventing gene drive organisms to be released in the wild.

Industry News

US Perspectives: Do Patent Trolls Exist? Two Studies Reach Different Conclusions

They are called many things. Patent Assertion Entities (PAEs), Non-Practicing Entities (NPEs), Patent Trolls, and on occasion, names not suitable in polite company. They often are accused of harming innovation and the economy, while providing nothing useful in return. They, less often, are said to promote innovation, in part by helping small inventors monetize their discoveries. Two recent academic studies attempt to shed light on this dispute, but their findings seem contradictory – at least at first.

Industry News

Shared Indigenous Knowledge And Benefit-Sharing Needs Particular Attention, Panel Tells CBD

SHARM El-SHEIKH, Egypt -- Traditional knowledge associated with genetic resources held by indigenous and local communities is often not confined to one group or one specific geographical location. Displacement whether cultural or forced, political redesigning of borders, and exchanges with other communities have all contributed to the dispersion of that knowledge. This shared knowledge poses an issue in the context of benefit-sharing of commercial benefits on inventions derived from this knowledge. A side event on the side of the biennial meeting of the UN Convention on Biological Diversity looked at how to address shared traditional knowledge.

Industry News

Gene Editing Divides UN Biodiversity Convention Members On Synthetic Biology Evaluation

SHARM EL-SHEIKH, Egypt -- After informal closed consultations, a draft decision was issued yesterday on how the UN Convention on Biological Diversity should address potential impacts of synthetic biology, during the biennial conference of the parties taking place this week. The issue of the release of gene drive organisms into the environment was a contentious issue as civil society had been lobbying for a moratorium preventing the release into the wild of those organisms able to wipe out entire species. This morning consensus was still eluding delegates, particularly over the singling out of gene editing in the decision.

Industry News

Inside Views: New Database Documents The Power Of TRIPS Flexibilities

Ellen 't Hoen writes: Medicines Law & Policy has published an on-line database of instances of the use of TRIPS flexibilities in public health contexts, titled the TRIPS Flexibilities Database. The publication of the TRIPS Flexibilities Database merits sharing a bit of its history because it has been a work in progress for some time. The database includes cases of actual use of TRIPS flexibilities and instances in which countries planned or threatened to use them. The collection of such cases started ten years ago as part of a research project to document and examine the uptake of the flexibilities contained in the TRIPS Agreement in medicines procurement.

Industry News

New Draft Of WIPO Broadcasting Treaty Consolidates Proposals

World Intellectual Property Organization copyright committee members last night reach preliminary agreement on a new draft text for a global treaty aimed at protecting broadcasting organisations. A copy of the text is available below.

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