Requirements

Bahrain Design Requirements

Design Registration:

  • Name of the design.
  • Design Drawings from all different angles.
  • Dimensions of the design.
  • Description of the design.
  • Applicant’s information (name, address, and nationality).
  • List of goods according to Locarno Classification.
  • Power of Attorney (POA): Original should be certified through Apostil, or legalized at the Bahrain embassy and submitted at filing.
  • Deed of Assignment (DOA) if the applicant is not the designer: Original should be certified through Apostil, or legalized at the Bahrain embassy and submitted at filing.
  • A certified copy of the priority document in case claimed should be provided within 90 days of filing.
  • A copy of the commercial certificate or memorandum of incorporation translated to Arabic submitted at filing.

Bahrain Patents FAQ

Q: Which law does the country implement relating to patents?

A: Patent and Utility Model Law No. 1 of 2004 and its implementing regulations

Q: Is the country a member of Paris Convention? 

A: Yes

Q: Is the country a member of the Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT)? 

A: Yes

Q: Is the country a member of the GCC Patent Cooperation Treaty? 

A: Yes

Q: What are the conditions to register a patent?

A: Patents should be:

  • New;
  • Involve an inventive step;
  • Industrially applicable if it is possible to apply it in agriculture, fishing, services, handcrafts or any kind of industry in the broadest sense of the word;
  • Do not violate the provisions of Islamic Sharia' (Law), public order, ethics, or national security.

Q: What cannot be registered as patents?

A: The below cannot be registered as patents:

  1. Any invention which commercial use in the Kingdom of Bahrain aims to sabotage the public order and morals including the protection of human, animal, plantation life or health or to avert serious damages to the environment.
  2. Inventions, scientific theories and mathematical methods.
  3. Plants, animals – excluding microorganisms- and methods with biological bases for the production of plantations and animals.
  4. Methods of diagnostic, surgical or therapeutic treatments of the human or animal body, with the exclusion of products used in any of those methods.
  5. Inventions related to general security and defense affairs.

Q: If a worker invented a patent, can he register the patent in his name?

A: Patent ownership shall be assigned to the employer provided the invention was the result of a contract or a commitment for exertion of inventive faculty, and that the name of the inventor shall be mentioned in the patent.

Should a worker –not entrusted with an invention activity by virtue of the employment contract- create an invention relevant to the activity of the employer using expertise, documents, tools, or raw materials put under the disposal of the same worker, belonging to the employer, he shall, immediate to his decision to file for patent for the invention in question, notify the employer of that effect in writing accompanied with a non- enveloped acknowledgment of receipt. The employer may choose within a period of three months of receiving the notification either to exploit the invention or to purchase the acquired rights thereof, either of which action shall be in return of a fair remuneration. The employer right of choice shall expire upon conclusion of the period referred to shall the same express no intention to the worker of that effect in writing accompanied with a non-enveloped acknowledgment of receipt.

If an application for a patent is filed by an inventor within one year of leaving his job at a public or private firm, the application shall be construed as if the same were in service, in which case the inventor and the employer shall be entitled to the all the rights prescribed above are applicable.

Q: Can the applicant amend an application under process?

A: The patent applicant may, at any time prior to disclosing the approval of the application, modify the specifications or drawings as the applicant sees fit provided that any modification shall not affect the very nature of the invention.

Q: Can the applicant withdraw the application at any time?

A: No, the applicant can withdraw the application prior to issuance of an acceptance decision of patent application. However, failing to conform to the deadlines put by the TMO to settle any fees or submit documents afterwards will deem the application withdrawn.

Q: Can a patent search be conducted?

A: Yes

Q: Can priority be claimed according to Paris Convention?  

A: Yes, within 12 months from the first filing date.

Q: Is the certificate issued in paper or electronically?

A: Paper

Q: Is the usage of the registered patent compulsory?

A: Yes, the patent must be used in Bahrain within three years from the date of grant, otherwise the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing.

Bahrain Patents Process

Patent Registration: 

  • The patent registration process takes 4-5 years.
  • After filing the application, the application is put on hold for 4 months until all required documents and information are fulfilled.
  • After 4 months from the filing date, the application will formally be examined to check if all the required documents were submitted and will issue a decision of:
    • Incomplete formalities: the Examiner will give the applicant 90 days from the official notification date to fulfill all requirements, otherwise the application will be considered withdrawn.
    • Complete formalities: the Examiner will give the applicant 90 days from the official notification date to settle the substantive examination fees, otherwise the application will be considered withdrawn.
  • Once the application is substantively examined, the Examiner will issue a decision of:
    • Complete or amend the application: the applicant has 90 days from the official notification date to reply to any amendment requested, otherwise the application will be considered withdrawn.
    • Reject the application: if the requirements were not met or the patent is non-registrable. The applicant has 90 days from the official notification date to appeal the decision before the Appeal Committee.
    • Accept the application: the applicant has to settle the publication fees to publish the application in the official gazette within 90 days from the official notification date; otherwise the application will be rejected.
  • Any interested third party can oppose the said application within 60 days from the date of publication. The Patent Office will study the opposition and issue its decision within 30 days from filing date of opposition; otherwise the opposition will be considered rejected implicitly.
  • Once the application passes the publication period successfully, the registration fees should be settled to issue the related certificate of registration.
  • The applicant has to submit 3 copies of the patent specifications and 5 copies of the patent abstract within 90 days from the official notification date, otherwise the application will be considered withdrawn.
  • The certificate of registration shall be published in the official gazette; however no one can oppose the said publication.
  • The protection period of a patent is 20 years, from the filing date of the PCT application, or the national patent application based on Paris Convention.

 

Patent Annuities: 

  • A patent is protected for 20 years from the filing date.
  • Annuities should be settled prior to the anniversary of the filing date of a national application or a PCT international application until the termination of the patent protection duration. For example: if the patent was filed on 30 January, then the annuity should be settled every year prior to 30 January.
  • The applicant should settle the annuity starting from the second year of filing the national application according to Paris Convention.
  • A 6 months grace period is granted to settle the annuities, however subject to late penalty fees.

 

Bahrain Patents Requirements

Patent Registration:

  • Applicant name and address.
  • Inventor(s) name and address.
  • Patent Abstract in English and Arabic language should be submitted upon filing.
  • Patent claims in English and Arabic language should be submitted upon filing.
  • Patent Specifications in English should be submitted upon filing.
  • Patent Specifications in Arabic should be submitted within 4 months from filing date.
  • Certified copy of the priority document translated to Arabic should be submitted within 90 days from filing date.
  • Power of Attorney (POA): Original should be notarized and legalized at the Bahraini embassy and submitted within 90 days from filing date.
  • Certified copy of the certificate of incorporation or an extract from the commercial registry if the applicant is a company, or a copy of the applicant’s passport if the applicant is an individual, submitted within 90 days from filing date.
  • Deed of Assignment (DOA): signed by the inventor(s), notarized and legalized at the Bahraini embassy, and submitted within 90 days from filing date.

Bahrain Trademarks FAQ

Q: Which law does the country implement relating to trademarks?

A: GCC Trademarks Law

Q: Is the country part of Paris Convention?    

A: Yes

Q: Is the country part of the Madrid Protocol?   

A: Yes

Q: Is the country part of the Madrid Agreement?   

A: No   

Q: Is the country part of the TRIPS Agreement?   

A: Yes

Q: Is Apostil Acceptable?

A: Yes

Q: Which classification of goods/services does the country adopt?    

A: 11th Edition of Nice Classification

Q: Are there any restrictions or limitations on the list of goods?

A: No

Q: Can I register a trademark on class header?

A: Yes

Q: Are there any restrictions on the use of the ® and TM symbols?  

A: ® and TM symbols may not be a part of the trademark while filing it, but can be used along with a registered trademark

Q: Can priority be claimed?  

A: Yes

Q: Can colors be claimed?

A: Yes

Q: Can you file a disclaimer in the filing application?

A: Yes

Q: Can you conduct a search by applicant name?

A: Yes

Q: Is the certificate issued in paper or electronically?

A: Paper

Q: If we register in one GCC country does it mean we are protected in the country?   

A: No, there is no cooperation treaty for trademarks in the GCC.

Q: Is there a requirement of use of mark to maintain the trademark registration throughout the entire valid protection period or to renew the mark?

A: Yes, but the TMO does not request any proof of use. However any interested third party can file a cancellation action against your trademark registration if the mark was not used for 3 consecutive years.

Q: If the applicant failed to renew the mark, can any third party re-register the same mark?

A: A mark, which is not renewed, cannot be re-registered in favor of third parties in respect of identical or similar goods or services before the lapse of three years from the date of non-renewal.

Q: Can the applicant withdraw the trademark application at any time?

A: Yes

Q: Can you assign or amend details of a trademark that is under process?  

A: No, any assignment or amendment should be done after the registration of the trademark is completed.

Q: Do you have to include a consideration on the assignment document?

A: Yes

Q: Are there any specific custom procedures in the country?   

A: Yes

Bahrain Trademarks Process

Trademark Registration: 

  • The registration process takes 6 months to be completed.
  • A separate application should be filed for each class.
  • The application will be examined by the TMO within a period of 1-3 months. After the end of the examination period, the TMO will issue a decision to either:
    • Accept the application, the publication fees should be settled within 30 days from the official notification date, otherwise the application will be considered withdrawn.
    • Reject the application, you may appeal the decision within a period of 60 days from the official notification date, otherwise the application would be considered withdrawn.
  • Any interested third party can oppose the publication of the trademark application within 60 days from the date of publication. The applicant has 30 days from the official notification date to file a reply to the opposition, otherwise the application will be considered withdrawn.
  • The applicant has 30 days from the end of publication period date to settle the registration fees, otherwise the application will be considered withdrawn.
  • The certificate of registration will be issued within 1 -2 working days from the date of settlement of registration fees.
  • The trademark's registration is valid for 10 Gregorian years, starting from the filing date, and renewable for similar consecutive periods.

Trademark Renewal: 

  • The renewal process takes 1-2 weeks to be completed.
  • A separate application should be filed for each class.
  • The renewal application should be filed within the last year of the valid protection period.
  • A 6 months grace period after the expiry of the valid protection period is granted for filing late renewal, however it is subject to late penalty fees.
  • After filing the renewal application, the renewal certificate will be issued within 1-2 weeks.
  • The renewal certificate will be published in the official gazette for informative purposes only; No one can oppose the said publication.
  • The trademark renewal is valid for another 10 consecutive Gregorian years starting from the expiry of the previous protection period.

Trademark Change of Name and/or Address: 

  • The recordal of change process takes 1 working day to be completed.
  • A separate application should be filed for each class.
  • A change of agent should be filed in order to ensure formality requirements are met.
  • After filing the change application, the change certificate will be issued on the same day.
  • The change will be published in the official gazette for informative purposes only; No one can oppose the said publication.

Trademark Assignment: 

  • The assignment process takes 1 working day to be completed.
  • An application can include multiple classes and/or trademarks in the name of the same applicant.
  • A change of agent should be filed in order to ensure formality requirements are met.
  • After filing the assignment application, the assignment certificate will be issued on the same day.
  • The assignment will be published in the official gazette for informative purposes only; No one can oppose the said publication.

Bahrain Trademarks Requirements

Trademark Registration:

  • Copy of the mark.
  • Applicant info (name, address, and nationality).
  • A list of the goods to be covered by the application (Classes) translated to Arabic.
  • Power of Attorney (POA): Original should be certified through Apostil, or legalized at the Bahrain embassy and submitted at filing.
  • A certified copy of the priority document in case claimed should be provided within 60 days of filing.
  • A copy of the commercial certificate or memorandum of incorporation translated to Arabic certified through Apostil, or legalized at the Bahrain embassy and submitted at filing.

Trademark Renewal:

  • Details of the mark.
  • Applicant info (name, address, and nationality).
  • Power of Attorney (POA): Original should be certified through Apostil, or legalized at the Bahrain embassy and submitted at filing.
  • A simple copy of the trademark registration certificate.
  • A copy of the commercial certificate or memorandum of incorporation translated to Arabic certified through Apostil, or legalized at the Bahrain embassy and submitted at filing.

Trademark - Change of Name and/or Address:

  • Details of the mark.
  • Applicant info (name, address, and nationality).
  • Details of the change specifications. 
  • A document proving the change of name and/or address translated to Arabic certified through Apostil, or legalized at the Bahrain embassy and submitted at filing.
  • Power of Attorney (POA): Original should be certified through Apostil, or legalized at the Bahrain embassy and submitted at filing.
  • A copy of the commercial certificate or memorandum of incorporation translated to Arabic certified through Apostil, or legalized at the Bahrain embassy and submitted at filing.

Trademark Assignment:

  • Details of the mark.
  • Applicant info (name, address, and nationality).
  • Details of the assignment specifications.
  • An assignment document translated to Arabic certified through Apostil, or legalized at the Bahrain embassy and submitted at filing.
  • Power of Attorney (POA): Original should be certified through Apostil, or legalized at the Bahrain embassy and submitted at filing.
  • A copy of the commercial certificate or memorandum of incorporation translated to Arabic certified through Apostil, or legalized at the Bahrain embassy and submitted at filing.

Egypt Design FAQ

Is the country part of Locarno agreement?   Yes
Is the country part of Hague agreement?   Yes
Is it better to register a 3D Design or an industrial design?   There is no possibility of filing a 3D mark
Is any translation required?   Yes to Arabic
For how long is an Industrial Design protected?   15 gregorian years
Are there any annuity fees to pay?   Yes upon filing

Egypt Design Process

Design Registration: 

  • The registration process takes 18-24 months to be completed.
  • A single application can be filed for 1 to 50 designs as long as they are in the same class.
  • The application will be examined by the TMO within a period of 12 to 18 months. After the end of the examination period, the TMO will issue a decision to either:
    • Accept the application, the publication fees should be settled within 6 months from the official notification date to publish the design in the official gazette, otherwise the application will be considered withdrawn.
    • Amend the application, you may appeal the decision or amend the application within a period of 30 days from the official notification date, otherwise the application would be considered withdrawn.
    • Reject the application, you may appeal the decision within a period of 30 days from the official notification date, otherwise the application would be considered withdrawn.
  • Any interested third party can oppose the publication of the design application within 60 days from the date of publication in the official gazette. The applicant has 30 days from official notification date to file a reply to the opposition, otherwise the application will be considered withdrawn.
  • The certificate of registration will be issued after a few months from the settlement of registration fees.
  • The design certificate will be published for informative purposes only; No one can oppose the said publication.
  • The design's registration is valid for 10 Gregorian years, starting from the filing date, and renewable for 5 years only.

Design Renewal: 

  • The design’s registration is valid for 10 years starting from the filing date.
  • The applicant can renew the design for additional 5 years only.
  • The renewal application should be filed within the last year of the design’s protection period.
  • A 3 months grace period is given after the expiry of the protection period to renew the design, however is subject to a late penalty fee.
  • The renewal will be published in the official gazette for informative purposes only.

Design Annuity: 

  • No Annuities.

Egypt Design Requirements

Design Registration:

  • Name of the design.
  • Design Drawings from all different angles.
  • Description of the design.
  • Applicant’s information (name, address, and nationality).
  • List of goods according to Locarno Classification.
  • Power of Attorney (POA): Original should be notarized and legalized at the Egyptian embassy and submitted within 60 days of filing.
  • Deed of Assignment (DOA) if the applicant is not the designer: Original should be notarized and legalized at the Egyptian embassy and submitted within 60 days of filing.
  • A copy of the commercial certificate or memorandum of incorporation translated to Arabic submitted at filing.
  • A certified copy of the priority document in case claimed should be provided within 90 days of filing date.

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